Hormone treatment or hormone therapy is the utilization of certain hormones in hormonal management. Hormone treatment is a medical intervention to counteract the adverse effects of biological, social and psychological conditions that are related to abnormal hormone secretion from the body. Hormone treatment involves the use of synthetic or bio-identical hormones that have a direct and dramatic effect on the human body. Hormone treatment or hormone therapy can be initiated before the onset of symptoms or following the manifestation of symptoms. Hormone treatment involves the use of certain hormones that are intended for the purpose of regulating the production and release of specific hormones by the pituitary gland in the brain. Hormone treatment can be administered by oral, transdermal or injection.
Hormone therapy can be used to treat the symptoms and consequences of cancer. Hormone replacement therapy is a treatment that replaces the harmful estrogen (including estrogen) and progesterone by administered synthetic hormones that have a direct effect on breast cancer, pre-menstrual syndrome, and cancer of the endometrial lining. Hormone replacement therapy may also be used to treat tumors associated with the endometrial cells.
Hormone replacement therapy is also employed in the management of symptoms in patients who have had prior treatments for cancer. The most common of these treatments involves administering synthetic hormones known as replacement therapies to replace the harmful estrogens and progesterones. The replacement therapies may consist of Premensa and Provera. Premensa contains a synthetic form of estrogen and is used to manage perimenopausal and pre-menstrual symptoms such as hot flashes, mood swings, and insomnia. Provera is an estrogen-derivative agent and is prescribed to prevent the development of vaginal tumors.
Hormone replacement therapy is sometimes combined with surgical treatments for the purpose of removing the tumors. In some cases, especially with the use of surgery, hormone therapy may be necessary in conjunction with surgery for the management of severe endometriosis. Hormone substitution can also be used for patients who have had surgery for the management of cancer treatments.
There are many common side effects of hormone therapy. Many women experience cramps, bloating, and headaches. Some individuals experience mild abdominal pain and heart palpitations. Some people notice a change in sexual desire, while others notice increased hair growth and vaginal dryness.
In some studies conducted by the National Cancer Institute, hormone therapy drugs showed signs of efficacy in the prevention and treatment of breast cancer. However, here are some concerns regarding hormone therapy drugs. Some studies indicate that taking estrogen-containing medications in high doses may increase the risk of stroke and breast cancer. In addition, there is some evidence that long-term usage of oestrogen containing medications may alter DNA sequences in human cells, possibly leading to the formation of cloned breast cancer cells.